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HISTORY OF PAST EARTHQUAKES & TSUNAMI TIDAL WAVES

World Earthquake and Tsunami History

26 Dec 2004 - Indian Ocean tsunami. The magnitude 9.0 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake triggered a series of lethal tsunamis on December 26, 2004, with over one hundred and fifty thousand fatalities, ranging from those in the immediate vicinity of the quake in Indonesia, Thailand and the north-western coast of Malaysia to people thousands of kilometres away in Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and even as far as Somalia in eastern Africa. The death toll from this event makes it the deadliest tsunami in recorded history.

The following is a list of major earthquakes.

Significant earthquakes

This is a list of significant earthquakes as listed by the USGS. For other ancient or recent earthquakes not listed here, see the tables below.

Date Time‡ Place Lat. Long. Fatalities M MX† (M reference)
January 23, 1556 Shensi, China
See 1556 Shanxi earthquake
34.5 109.7 830,000 ~8
August 17, 1668 Anatolia, Turkey 40 36 8,000 ~8
January 26, 1700 Cascadia subduction zone from Northern California to Vancouver Island
See Cascadia Earthquake
~9 M (Satake et al, 1996)
November 1, 1755 10:16 Lisbon, Portugal
See 1755 Lisbon earthquake
36 −11 70,000 ~8.7 MI (Johnston, 1996)
February 28, 1780 Iran 38 46.2 200,000
December 16, 1811 8:00 New Madrid, Missouri, United States
See New Madrid Earthquake
36.6 −89.6 ~8.1 MI (Johnston, 1996)
January 23, 1812 15:00 New Madrid, Missouri, United States 36.6 −89.6 ~7.8 MI (Johnston, 1996)
February 7, 1812 9:45 New Madrid, Missouri, United States 36.6 −89.6 ~8 MI (Johnston, 1996)
June 2, 1823 8:00 south flank of Kilauea, Hawaii, United States 19.3 −155 ~7 MI (Klein and Wright, 2000)
June 10, 1836 15:30 south San Francisco Bay region, California, United States 36.9 −121.5 ~6.5 MI (Bakun, 1999)
June 1838 San Francisco Peninsula, California, United States 37.3 −123.2 ~6.8 MI (Bakun, 1999)
January 5, 1843 2:45 Marked Tree, Arkansas, United States 35.5 −90.5 ~6.3 MI (Johnston, 1996)
January 9, 1857 16:24 Fort Tejon, California (San Andreas fault from Parkfield to Wrightwood) See Fort Tejon earthquake 1 ~7.9 M (Grant and Sieh, 1993; Stein and Hanks, 1998)
December 16, 1857 21:00 Naples, Italy 40.3 16 11,000 ~6.9 MI
October 8, 1865 20:46 San Jose, California, United States 37.2 121.9 ~6.5 MI (Bakun, 1999)
April 3, 1868 2:25 Hilea, southeast Hawaii, Hawaii, United States 19.2 −155.5 77 ~7.9 MI (Klein and Wright, 2000)
October 21, 1868 15:53 Hayward, California, United States 37.7 −122.1 30 ~6.8 MI (Bakun, 1999)
February 20, 1871 8:42 Molokai, Hawaii, United States 21.2 −156.9 ~6.8 MI (Klein and Wright, 2000)
March 26, 1872 10:30 Owens Valley, California, United States
See 1872 Lone Pine earthquake
36.5 −118 27 ~7.6 M (Beanland and Clark, 1994)
December 15, 1872 5:40 north Cascades, Washington, United States 47.9 −120.3 ~7.3 MI (Malone and Bor, 1979; Rogers et al., 1983)
November 23, 1873 5:00 California-Oregon coast 42.2 −124.2 ~7.3 MI (Bakun, 2000)
August 31, 1886 2:51 Charleston, South Carolina, United States 32.9 −80 60 ~7.3 MI (Johnston, 1996)
April 24, 1890 11:36 Corralitos, California, United States 37 121.8 ~6.3 MI (Bakun, 1999)
October 27, 1891 21:38 Mino-Owari, Japan 35.6 136.6 7,273 ~8 MS
April 19, 1892 10:50 Vacaville, California, United States 38.5 −121.8 1 ~6.4 MI (Bakun, 1999)
April 21, 1892 17:43 Winters, California, United States 38.6 −122 ~6.4 MI (Bakun, 1999)
October 31, 1895 11:08 Charleston, Missouri, United States 37 −89.4 ~6.6 MI (Johnston, 1996)
June 15, 1896 19:32 Sanriku, Japan 39.5 144 ~8.5 M
June 12, 1897 11:06 Assam, India 26 91 1,500 ~8.3
June 20, 1897 20:14 Calaveras fault, California, United States 37 −121.6 ~6.3 MI (Bakun, 1999)
March 31, 1898 7:43 Mare Island, California, United States 38.1 −122.4 ~6.3 MI (Bakun, 1999)
April 15, 1898 7:07 Mendocino County, California, United States 39.3 −123.9 ~6.8 MI (Bakun, 2000)
September 4, 1899 0:22 Cape Yakataga, Alaska, United States 60 −142 7.9 MS
September 10, 1899 21:41 Yakutat Bay, Alaska, United States 60 −142 8 MS
October 9, 1900 12:28 Kodiak Is., Alaska, United States 57.1 −153.5 7.7 MS
March 3, 1901 7:45 Parkfield, California, United States 36.2 −120.7 6.4 MS (Abe, 1988)
August 27, 1904 21:56 Fairbanks, Alaska, United States 64.7 −148.1 7.3 MS
July 9, 1905 9:40 Mongolia 49 99 8.4 M
January 31, 1906 15:36 Colombia-Ecuador 1 −81.5 1,000 8.8 M
April 18, 1906 13:12 San Francisco, California (San Andreas fault from Cape Mendocino to San Juan Bautista)
See San Francisco earthquake of 1906
3,000 7.8 M (Bakun, 1999)
August 17, 1906 0:40 Valparaíso, Chile −33 −72 20,000 8.2 M
December 28, 1908 4:20 Messina, Italy 38.3 15.6 70,000 7.2 MS
July 1, 1911 22:00 Calaveras fault, California, United States 37.39 −121.8 6.5 MS
October 3, 1915 6:52 Pleasant Valley, Nevada, United States 40.5 −117.5 7.1 M (Stover and Coffman, 1993)
October 11, 1918 14:14 Puerto Rico 18.47 −67.63 116 7.5 MS (McCann, 1985)
December 6, 1918 8:41 Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada 49.62 −125.92 7 ML (Gutenberg and Richter, 1954: Rogers, 1983)
December 16, 1920 12:05 Ningxia-Kansu, China 36.6 105.32 200,000 8.6 MS
January 31, 1922 13:17 offshore, Cape Mendocino, California, United States 40.7 −125.55 7.3 MG-R (Ellsworth, 1990)
March 10, 1922 11:21 Parkfield, California, United States 35.9 120.9 6.1 M (Bakun and McEvilly, 1984)
January 22, 1923 9:04 offshore, Cape Mendocino, California, United States 40.49 −125.32 7.2 MG-R (Ellsworth, 1990)
September 1, 1923 2:58 Kanto, Japan
See Great Kanto Earthquake
35.4 139.08 143,000 7.9 M
March 1, 1925 2:19 Charlevoix, Quebec, Canada 47.76 −69.84 6.3 M (Bent, 1992)
June 28, 1925 1:21 Clarkston Valley, Montana, United States 46.32 −111.52 6.6 M (Dosier, 1989)
June 29, 1925 14:42 Santa Barbara, California, United States 34.3 −119.8 13 6.8 M (Stein and Hanks, 1998)
October 22, 1926 12:35 Monterey Bay, California, United States 36.62 -122.35 6.1 MG-R (Ellsworth, 1990)
October 22, 1926 13:35 Monterey Bay, California, United States 36.55 −122.18 6.1 MG-R (Ellsworth, 1990)
March 7, 1927 9:27 Tango, Japan 35.8 134.92 3,020 7.6 MS
May 22, 1927 22:32 Tsinghai, China 37.39 102.31 200,000 7.9 MS
November 4, 1927 13:51 offshore Lompoc, California, United States 34.92 −121.03 7.1 M (Stein and Hanks, 1998)
November 18, 1929 20:32 Grand Banks, Nova Scotia, Canada 44.69 −56.01 7.3 M (Bent,1995)
December 21, 1932 6:10 Cedar Mountain, Nevada, United States 38.51 −118.08 7.2 M
March 2, 1933 17:31 Sanriku, Japan 39.22 144.62 2,990 8.4 M
March 11, 1933 1:54 Long Beach, California, United States 33.6 −118 115 6.4 M (Hauksson & Gross, 1991)
November 20, 1933 23:21 Baffin Bay, Canada 73 −69.98 7.4 M (Stein et al. 1979)
January 15, 1934 8:43 Bihar, India 27.55 87.09 10,700 8.1 M (Chen and Molnar, 1977)
June 8, 1934 4:47 Parkfield, California, United States 35.9 −120.9 6.1 M (Bakun and McEvilly, 1984)
November 1, 1935 6:03 Timiskaming, Quebec, Canada 48.89 −79 6.2 M (Bent, 1996)
July 22, 1937 17:09 Salcha, Alaska, United States 64.49 −146.85 7.3 MS
January 23, 1938 8:32 Maui, Hawaii, United States 20.96 −156.18 6.8 MS (Klein and Wright, 2000)
November 10, 1938 20:18 Shumagin Islands, Alaska, United States 55.33 −158.37 8.2 M
December 26, 1939 23:57 Erzincan, Turkey 39.77 39.53 32,700 7.8 MS
May 19, 1940 4:36 Imperial Valley, California, United States 32.73 −115.5 9 7.1 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
December 7, 1944 4:35 Tonankai, Japan 33.75 136 1,223 8.1 M
April 1, 1946 12:28 Unimak Is., Alaska, United States 52.75 −163.5 165 7.3 MS (Stover and Coffman, 1993)
June 23, 1946 17:13 Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada 49.75 −124.5 7.3 ML (Gutenberg and Richter, 1954: Rogers, 1983)
August 4, 1946 17:51 Dominican Republic 19.25 −69 100 8 MS (Abe, 1981)
December 20, 1946 19:19 Nankaido, Japan 32.5 134.5 1,330 8.1 M
October 16, 1947 2:09 Fairbanks, Alaska, United States 64.2 −148.3 7.2 M
April 13, 1949 19:55 Olympia, Washington, United States
See Nisqually Earthquake
47.1 −122.7 8 7.1 ML (Baker and Langston, 1987)
August 22, 1949 4:01 Queen Charlotte Is., British Columbia, Canada 53.62 −133.27 8.1 MS (Gutenberg and Richter, 1954)
August 15, 1950 14:09 Assam-Tibet 28.5 96.5 1,526 8.6 M
August 21, 1951 10:57 Kona, Hawaii, United States 19.5 −155.95 6.9 MS (Klein and Wright, 2000)
July 21, 1952 11:52 Kern County, California, United States 34.95 −119.05 12 7.3 M (Stein and Hanks, 1998)
November 4, 1952 16:58 Kamchatka, Russia 52.76 160.06 9 M
March 29, 1954 6:17 Spain 37.03 −3.51 7.9 M
July 6, 1954 11:13 Rainbow Mtn, Nevada, United States 39.42 −118.53 6.6 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
August 24, 1954 5:51 Stillwater, Nevada, United States 39.58 -118.45 6.8 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
December 16, 1954 11:07 Fairview Peak, Nevada, United States 39.32 −118.2 7.1 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
December 16, 1954 11:11 Dixie Valley, Nevada, United States 39.5 −118 6.8 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
October 24, 1955 4:10 Concord, California, United States 38 −122.1 1 5.4 ML (Bolt and Miller, 1975)
March 9, 1957 14:22 Andreanof Is., Alaska, United States 51.56 -175.39 9.1 M
December 4, 1957 3:37 Gobi-Altai, Mongolia 45.15 99.21 30 8.1 M
April 7, 1958 15:30 Huslia, Alaska, United States 65.94 −156.37 7.3 M
July 10, 1958 6:15 Fairweather, Alaska, United States 58.37 −136.66 5 7.7 M
August 18, 1959 6:37 Hebgen Lake, Montana, United States 44.6 -110.64 28 7.3 M (Dosier, 1985)
February 29, 1960 23:40 Agadir, Morocco 30.5 −9.3 10,000 5.7 M
May 22, 1960 19:11 Chile
See Great Chilean Earthquake
−38.24 −73.05 5,700 9.5 M
March 28, 1964 3:36 Prince William Sound, Alaska, United States
See Good Friday Earthquake
61.02 −147.65 125 9.2 M
June 16, 1964 4:01 Niigata, Japan 38.43 139.23 26 7.5 M
February 4, 1965 5:01 Rat Island, Alaska, United States 51.21 −178.5 8.7 M
April 29, 1965 15:28 Seattle-Tacoma, Washington, United States
See Nisqually Earthquake
47.32 −122.33 7 6.5 ML (Algermissen and Harding, 1965)
June 28, 1966 4:26 Parkfield, California, United States 35.88 −120.49 6.1 M (Tsai and Aki, 1969)
September 12, 1966 16:41 Truckee, California, United States 39.38 -120.22 5.9 M (Tsai and Aki, 1970)
December 10, 1967 22:51 Koyna, India 17.39 73.77 6.3 M (Langston, 1976)
October 2, 1969 6:19 Santa Rosa, California, United States 38.3 −122.76 1 5.7 ML (Bolt and Miller, 1975)
May 31, 1970 20:23 Peru −9.25 −78.84 66,000 7.9
July 31, 1970 17:08 Colombia −1.49 −72.56 8
February 9, 1971 14:00 San Fernando, California, United States
See Sylmar earthquake
34.4 −118.39 65 6.7 M (Heaton, 1982)
February 4, 1975 11:36 Haicheng, China 40.72 122.73 10,000 7 M (Cipar, 1979)
August 1, 1975 20:20 Oroville, California, United States 39.5 −121.39 5.8 M
November 29, 1975 14:47 south flank of Kilauea, Hawaii, United States 19.45 −155.03 2 7.2 MS (Klein and Wright, 2000)
February 4, 1976 9:01 Guatemala 15.3 −89.14 23,000 7.5 M
July 27, 1976 19:42 Tangshan, China
See Tangshan earthquake
39.61 117.89 255,000* 7.5 M
August 6, 1979 17:05 Coyote Lake, California, United States 37.11 −121.52 5.7 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
October 15, 1979 23:17 Imperial Valley, California, United States 32.82 −115.65 6.4 M (Hartzell and Heaton, 1983)
January 24, 1980 19:00 Livermore, California, United States 37.71 −121.73 5.8 M (Bolt et al., 1981)
May 25, 1980 16:33 Mammoth Lakes, California, United States 37.6 −118.83 6.1 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
May 25, 1980 16:49 Mammoth Lakes, California, United States 37.65 −118.9 5.9 ML (Ellsworth, 1990)
May 25, 1980 19:44 Mammoth Lakes, California, United States 37.55 −118.82 5.8 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
May 27, 1980 14:50 Mammoth Lakes, California, United States 37.48 −118.8 6 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
November 8, 1980 10:27 Gorda Plate, California, United States 41.12 −124.67 7.2 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
May 2, 1983 23:42 Coalinga, California, United States 36.23 -120.32 6.5 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
October 28, 1983 14:06 Borah Peak, Idaho, United States 44.09 −113.8 2 7 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
November 16, 1983 16:13 Kaoiki, Hawaii, United States 19.44 155.38 6.7 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
April 24, 1984 21:15 Morgan Hill, California, United States 37.3 −121.71 6.2 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
November 23, 1984 18:08 Round Valley, California, United States 37.45 -118.6 5.7 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
September 19, 1985 13:17 Michoacan, Mexico 18.44 −102.36 9,500 8 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
December 23, 1985 5:16 Nahanni, Northwest Territories, Canada 62.16 −124.31 6.8 M (Wetmiller et al., 1988)
May 7, 1986 22:47 Andreanof Is., Alaska, United States 51.56 −174.81 8 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
July 8, 1986 9:20 north Palm Springs, California, United States 33.97 −116.78 6.1 M (Hartzell, 1989)
July 21, 1986 14:42 Chalfant Valley, California, United States 37.53 −118.43 6.2 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
October 1, 1987 14:42 Whittier Narrows, California, United States 34.06 −118.13 8 5.9 M (Hartzell and Iida, 1990)
November 30, 1987 19:23 Gulf of Alaska 58.84 −142.6 7.9 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
January 22, 1988 0:35 Tennant Creek, Australia −19.87 133.78 6.3 M (Choy and Bowman, 1990)
January 22, 1988 3:57 Tennant Creek, Australia −19.88 133.83 6.4 M (Choy and Bowman, 1990)
January 22, 1988 12:04 Tennant Creek, Australia −19.9 133.83 6.6 M (Choy and Bowman, 1990)
March 6, 1988 22:35 Gulf of Alaska 57.26 -142.75 7.8 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
November 25, 1988 23:46 Saguenay, Quebec, Canada 48.06 −71.27 5.9 M (Boatwright and Choy, 1992)
December 7, 1988 7:41 Spitak, Armenia 40.93 44.11 25,000 6.8 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
October 18, 1989 0:04 Loma Prieta, California, United States
See Loma Prieta earthquake
37.14 −121.76 63 6.9 M (Wald et al., 1991)
December 25, 1989 14:24 Ungava, Quebec, Canada 60.07 −73.54 6 M (Bent, 1994)
June 28, 1991 1:43 Sierra Madre, California, United States 34.25 −117.95 2 5.6 M (Wald et al., 1991)
August 17, 1991 22:17 Honeydew, California, United States 41.79 −125.58 7.1 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
April 23, 1992 4:50 Joshua Tree, California, United States 33.87 −116.55 6.1 M (Hauksson et al., 1993)
April 25, 1992 18:06 Cape Mendocino, California, United States 40.38 −124.05 7.2 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
April 26, 1992 7:41 offshore, Cape Mendocino, California, United States 40.55 −124.29 6.5 M (Oppenheimer et al., 1993)
April 26, 1992 11:18 offshore, Cape Mendocino, California, United States 40.44 −124.43 6.7 M (Oppenheimer et al., 1993)
June 28, 1992 11:57 Landers, California, United States 34.2 −116.52 3 7.3 M (Sieh et al. 1993)
June 29, 1992 10:14 Little Skull Mtn, Nevada, United States 36.77 −116.32 5.7 M (Walter, 1993)
September 2, 1992 0:16 Nicaragua 11.77 −87.35 116 7.7 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
September 29, 1993 22:25 Latur-Killari, India 18.08 76.52 9,748 6.2 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
January 17, 1994 12:30 Northridge, California, United States
See 1994 Northridge Earthquake
34.18 −118.56 60 6.7 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
June 9, 1994 0:33 Bolivia -13.86 -67.49 5 8.2 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
September 1, 1994 15:15 Cape Mendocino, California, United States 40.38 −125.78 7.1 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
January 16, 1995 20:46 Kobe, Japan
See Great Hanshin earthquake
34.57 135.03 5,502 6.9 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
May 21, 1997 22:51 Jabalpur, India 23.07 80.12 38 5.8 M (Singh et al., 1999)
July 17, 1998 8:49 New Guinea -2.94 142.58 2,183 7 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
January 25, 1999 18:19 Colombia 4.45 −75.65 1,185 6.2
August 17, 1999 0:01 Izmit, Turkey 40.77 30 17,118 7.6 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
September 20, 1999 17:47 Chi-Chi, Taiwan
See Chi-Chi earthquake
23.82 120.86 2,400 7.7 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
October 16, 1999 9:46 Hector Mine, California, United States 34.56 −116.44 7.2 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
November 12, 1999 16:57 Duzce, Turkey 40.82 31.23 894 7.2 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
September 3, 2000 8:36 Napa, California, United States 38.38 −122.41 5 M (BRK)
November 16, 2000 4:54 New Ireland, Papua New Guinea −4 152.33 8
January 13, 2001 17:33 El Salvador 13.04 −88.66 844 7.7 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
January 26, 2001 3:16 Gujarat, India 23.39 70.23 20,085 7.7 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
February 28, 2001 18:54 Olympia, Washington, United States
See Nisqually Earthquake
47.11 −122.6 6.8 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
June 23, 2001 20:33 coastal Peru −16.3 −73.55 75 8.4 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
March 25, 2002 14:56 Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan 36.06 69.32 1,000 6.1 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
April 20, 2002 10:50 Au Sable Forks, New York 44.51 −73.7 5.2 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
November 3, 2002 22:12 Denali Park, Alaska, United States 63.52 −147.44 7.9 M (QED)
May 21, 2003 36.96 Boumerdes, Algeria 36.96 3.63 2,266 6.8 M (QED)

† MG-R = Gutenberg and Richter's (1954) magnitude, MS = 20 s surface-wave magnitude, M = moment magnitude (Hanks and Kanamori, 1979), and MI is an intensity magnitude, ML is local magnitude (Richter, 1935). 
‡ GMT
 * Fatalities estimated as high as 655,000.

Source: United States Geological Survey (USGS) [1] (http://earthquake.usgs.gov/docs/sign_eqs.htm)

Other earthquakes not listed by the USGS

Date Site Deaths Magnitude or intensity* Comments
464 BC Sparta, Greece  ? Led to a helot uprising and strained relations with Athens, one of the factors that led to the Peloponnesian War
226 BC Rhodes, Greece  ? Destroyed Colossus of Rhodes and city of Kameiros
365 Knossos, Crete (Greece) 50,000 XI  
365 Cyrene, Libya  ?  
May 20, 526 Antiochia, Syria 250,000  
844 Damascus, Syria 50,000 VIII  
847 Mosul, Iraq 50,000  
847 Damascus, Syria 70,000 X  
856 Qumis, Damghan, Iran 200,000  
856 Corinth, Greece 45,000  
893 Caucasus 82,000  
893 Daipur, India 180,000  
893 Ardabil, Iran 150,000  
1036 Shanxi, China 23,000  
1042 Palmyra, Baalbek, Syria 50,000 X  
1057 Chihli (Hopeh), China 25,000  
1138 Ganzah, Aleppo, Syria 230,000 XI  
1170 Sicily 15,000  
1201 Upper Egypt or Syria 1,100,000 IX  
1268 Cilicia, Anatolia (Turkey) 60,000  
September 27, 1290 Chihli (Hopeh), China 100,000 6.7  
May 20, 1293 Kamakura, Japan 30,000  
January 26, 1531 Lisbon, Portugal 30,000  
November 1667 Shemakha, Azerbaijan 80,000  
June 7, 1692 Port Royal, Jamaica 30,000  
January 11, 1693 Catania Province, Sicily 60,000  
1693 Naples, Italy 93,000  
1707 Japan (seismic wave) 30,000  
December 30, 1730 Hokkaido Island, Japan 137,000  
1731 Beijing, China 100,000  
October 11, 1737 Calcutta, India 300,000  
June 7, 1755 Northern Persia 40,000  
November 18, 1755 Boston, Massachusetts 0  
February 45, March 28, 1783 Calabria, Italy 35,000  
February 4, 1797 Quito, Ecuador & Cuzco, Peru 41,000  
December 8, 1812 at 9:45 Wrightwood, California, United States (lat. 34.22, long. 117.39) 40 ~7 Destroys church of Mission San Juan Capistrano
January 23, 1855 21:11 local time Wairarapa, New Zealand 4 ~8.0 Raised sections of Wellington coastline by 2 metres
February 3, 1931, 10:47 local time Napier, New Zealand
See Napier earthquake
258 7.9 Much of city destroyed; 40 km2 of seabed raised to become dry land
December 25, 1932, Gansu, China 70,000 7.6

Note: Magnitudes are generally estimations from intensity data. When no magnitude was available, themaximum intensity, written as a Roman numeral from I to XII, is given.

Recent earthquakes

Date Time‡ Place Lat. Long. Fatalities Comments M MX† (M reference)
September 25, 2003 19:50 Hokkaido, Japan 41.77 193.90 8.3 M (QED)
November 17, 2003 06:43 Rat Island, Alaska, United States 51.13 178.74 7.8 M (QED)
December 26, 2003 01:56 Bam, Iran 29.00 58.34 At least 30,000 85% of the buildings of Bam damaged, including historical site 6.6 M (QED)
February 24, 2004 02:24 Al-Hoceima, Morocco 35.14N 3.99W At least 1,200 Major damage to buildings and infrastructure; max. horizontal acc. of 0.24g recorded near the city of Imzuren 6.5; numerous aftershocks M (QED)
September 5, 2004 19:07 and 23:57 Japan Time Off central Tokai region, western Japan 0 20+ injured, tsunami and flooding 6.9 and 7.4
September 28, 2004 18:15 11.3 kilometres southeast of Parkfield, California, United States, — see also Parkfield earthquake 35.899 120.431 0 Moderate damage; numerous aftershocks 6
October 8, 2004 15:35 Mindoro, Philippines 13.21 121.65 Sporadic blackouts 6.6
October 9, 2004 22:26 80 kilometres southwest of Managua, Nicaragua 12 86 0 Minimal damage 6.9
October 23, 2004 17:56 Ojiya, Japan 37.3 138.8 25 Extensive damage 6.9
October 27, 2004 18:34 Vrancea, Romania 0 Telephone service interrupted; felt also in Bulgaria, Ukraine, Moldova and Turkey 5.8 (Istanbul's Kandilli Observatory reported 6.5)
November 10, 2004 22:58 Solomon Islands 9 159 0 No injuries nor damage 6.9
November 11, 2004 21:36 96 kilometres west-northwest of Dili, East Timor 6 21 injured 7.3
November 15, 2004 around 9:00 off coast of Chocó, Colombia 0 11+ injured, 18 homes destroyed, half near Buenaventura 6.7
November 21, 2004 45 kilometres north-northwest of Dominica 1 Half-dozen injured, damage also in Guadeloupe 6.0
November 21, 2004 48 kilometres south-southwest of San José, Costa Rica 8 Half-dozen injured 6.2
November 28, 2004 18:32 900 kilometres northwest of Tokyo, Japan, 50 km below sea level 0 8 injured, utility services interrupted in hundreds of homes 7.1
December 23, 2004 14:59 495 kilometres north of Macquarie Island, SW of New Zealand 50.24°S 160.13°E 0 Minimal damage reported in southern New Zealand 8.1
December 26, 2004 00:59 160 kilometres west of Sumatra, Indonesia undersea
See 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake
3.298°N 95.779°E >150,000 Tens of thousands missing, millions displaced; numerous tsunami causing flooding in coastal areas of the Indian Ocean. 9.0

 
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